The Kiss (Lovers) was painted by the Austrian Symbolist painter Gustav Klimt between 1907 and 1908, the highpoint of his “Golden Period”, when he painted a number of works in a similar gilded style. A perfect square, the canvas depicts a couple embracing, their bodies entwined in elaborate robes decorated in a style influenced by both linear constructs of the contemporary Art Nouveau style and the organic forms of the earlier Arts and Crafts movement.
The work is composed of oil paint with applied layers of gold leaf, an aspect that gives it its strikingly modern, yet evocative appearance. The painting is now in the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere museum in the Belvedere palace, Vienna, and is widely considered a masterpiece of the early modern period. It is a symbol of Vienna Jugendstil—Viennese Art Nouveau—and is considered Klimt’s most popular work.
KLIMT’S CAREER WAS ON THE DOWNSWING WHEN HE PAINTED THE KISS.
Before creating this piece, Klimt had received scathing scorn in the first decade of the 20th century for his three-part University of Vienna Ceiling Paintings. Because of the nudity in these works, his interpretation of Philosophy, Medicine and Jurisprudence were derided as “pornography” and “perverted excess,” wounding his reputation.
KLIMT CREATED HIS MOST FAMOUS WORK IN A TIME OF CREATIVE PANIC.
In 1907, perhaps reeling from the poor reception of the Vienna Ceiling Paintings, Klimt was sketching furiously, but he doubted his work. He confessed in a letter, “Either I am too old, or too nervous, or too stupid—there must be something wrong.” But before long, he would begin the painting that would be his most popular.
THE KISS WAS BOUGHT BEFORE IT WAS FINISHED.
In 1908, the Austrian Gallery displayed The Kiss for the first time, even though Klimt hadn’t yet put the finishing touches on the work. Its unfinished state didn’t stop the Belvedere Museum(a.k.a. The Österreichische Galerie Belvedere) from adding it to their collection on the spot.
THE KISS‘S SALE BROKE RECORDS.
How do you buy a work of art that hasn’t even been finished yet? You make an offer that can’t be refused. To acquire this transcendent piece of art, the Belvedere paid 25,000 crowns (or about $240,000 today). Prior to this mammoth sale, the highest price paid for a painting in Austria was a relatively paltry 500 crowns.
THAT PRICE TURNED OUT TO BE A BARGAIN.
Austria considers The Kiss a national treasure, and so the Viennese museum that has long been its home would never dream of selling it. However, if such a transaction were to happen, it’s predicted The Kiss would break sales records again. After all, Klimt’s less renowned (though still quite famous) Adele Bloch-Bauer I sold for $135 million in 2006. The New York Times noted at that time this was “the highest sum ever paid for a painting.”
THE PIECE REFLECTS A COLLISION OF ARTISTIC STYLES.
The pose of the lovers depicted in The Kiss reflects the natural forms favored in the Vienna Art Nouveau (of Vienna Jugendstil) movement. But the simple forms with the bold patterns of the pair’s cloaks shows the impact of the Arts and Crafts movement, while the use of spirals harkens back to Bronze Age art.
IT’S A PRIME EXAMPLE OF KLIMT’S “GOLDEN PERIOD.”
Inspired by the Byzantine mosaics he’d seen on his travels, Klimt mingled gold leaf into his oil paints to create what would become his signature style.
THE KISS WAS A DEPARTURE FROM A MAJOR KLIMT THEME.
The painter’s works mostly focused on women, so the inclusion of a man—albeit one whose face is obscured—was unusual for Klimt. The figures’ modest dress also marks this painting as one of Klimt’s more conservative creations.
HE KISS MAY BE A SELF-PORTRAIT.
Some art historians have theorized that the lovers seen lip-locked here are none other than the Austrian painter and his long-time partner, fashion designer Emilie Flöge, who he had previously depicted in a portrait.
IT’S REALLY BIG.
The Kiss measures 180 centimeters by 180 centimeters, nearly a 6-foot square.
THE KISS IS ARGUABLY BLASPHEMOUS.
Klimt’s use of gold calls back to the kinds of religious art found in churches. Using gold leaf here to celebrate the earthly pleasures and sensuality of sexuality was considered by some profane.
ITS SHAPE IS OFTEN MODIFIED FOR MERCHANDISING.
While Klimt’s original composition is a perfect square, the popularity of the painting spurred countless reproductions on posters, postcards and various mementos. But these souvenirs regularly truncate the right and left sides of the painting to make for a more standard rectangle display.
KLIMT AND THE KISS WERE MINTED.
In 2003, Austria released a commemorative 100 Euro coin that had a etching of The Kiss on one side, and a portrait of Klimt at work in his studio on the other.